How to Compost?
Last time I spoke about why we should compost, now let’s get into the how.
How I compost
Firstly, you have to select a composting method that suits you. The three most popular are, Bokashi, Aerobic and Vermicompost. Depending on the kind of space you have available. The things to consider are: whether you will be composting indoors, on a balcony or in a garden. Since I live in a city in a small open plan apartment, I use the aerobic composting method and this post will focus on that.
Step 1: Set up a compost bin – I went ahead and bought a compost bin, however it’s easy enough to make your own using a few simple items. The bin I bought was basically a plastic bucket with a tap at the bottom, a strainer about a few inches from the bottom and a mesh net at the top
The space at the bottom is to collect any liquid – or what composters like to call bio-enzyme and the tap allows you to drain this liquid
Anyways, the bin came with a bunch of instructions on how to set it up and included everything I needed to get started:
And something called Bio Bloom which is basically a remix powder with beneficial microbes. To this I would also say you should invest in Neem Oil – since I compost indoors, I prefer to avoid maggots and horse flies, (however in an outdoor setting the bugs usually help speed up the composting process)
And then it’s pretty easy
- Set up your bin – jaggery at the bottom, followed by the strainer
- Line the top of the strainer with coco peat (or soil or ready compost)
- Put organic waste in bin
- Cover organic waste with coco peat or substitute
- Close bin tightly with mesh lid and place one or two camphor balls on mesh
- Repeat steps 3 to 5 until bin is nearly full
- Set bin aside for about 1 month – after which you can transfer your compost to a cloth/jute bag to continue curing
- In the meantime you will need a second bin – the kit I ordered came with two bins so the system has worked well with me so far. However I live in a two person home (plus cat) so it takes me a whole month to fill a single – it may take you more or less time, so plan the number of bins accordingly
- I add a little bit of Neem Oil once a week, because I compost indoors and it helps keep insects away
And that’s it.